Core Aeration & aeration / overseeding service

Aeration is one of the best things you can do to keep your lawn looking green & healthy

Aeration is the naturally occurring process of air exchange between the soil and its surrounding atmosphere. In our service we accomplish this by mechanically removing small plugs of thatch and soil from the lawn to improve natural soil aeration. It is sometimes also called "core aeration."

Benefits of aeration
  • Improves air exchange between the soil and atmosphere.
  • Enhanced water uptake by the soil.
  • Makes fertilizers and weed control more effective.
  • Reduced water runoff and puddling.
  • Stronger turf grass roots.
  • Reduced soil compaction.
  • Enhanced heat and drought stress tolerance.
  • Improved resiliency and cushioning.
  • Enhanced thatch breakdown.
Why is aeration necessary

Compacted soils prevent grass from establishing a deep, healthy root system. It also keeps water and fertilizer from reaching the roots. Instead of fertilizer slowly moving down through the root system of the lawn, it instead washes away as runoff. Our native heavy clay soils in Indiana are particularly vulnerable to compaction and fertilizer runoff.

In most home lawns, fertile topsoil may have been removed or buried during excavation of the basement or footings, forcing grass to grow in subsoil that is more compact, higher in clay content and less likely to sustain a healthy lawn.

Walking, playing and mowing will increase compaction and stress lawns. Raindrops and irrigation further compact the soil, reducing large air spaces where roots readily grow. Compaction is at its greatest in the upper 1 to 4 inches of soil. For a simple test of your lawn's soil compaction, take a 8-10" screwdriver and push it into the ground. If you cannot touch the handle of the screwdriver to the ground with light to moderate force then you have a compaction issue.

Aeration can help relieve soil compaction, allowing your grass to grow deeper roots and make better use of water and fertilizers.

When is the best time to aerate?
Since we have cool season turf grasses in our area such as Kentucky bluegrass and perennial rye-grass, fall is the ideal time to aerate. Aerations are most beneficial between August and November. An aeration service before or at the time of late season fertilization enhances root growth and improves spring green-up and growth.
How often should a lawn be aerated?
Most home lawns benefit from annual aeration. Heavily used lawns, lawns installed in the past five years, or those growing on heavy clay or subsoils may need aeration twice a year. Golf fairways, sports turf and municipalities may need aeration three to five times per year depending on the amount of use. We do offer double pass aeration services also to maximize benefit on very compaction stressed lawns.
What can you expect from an aeration service?

Immediately after aeration, your lawn will be dotted with small plugs pulled from the soil. Within a week or two, they break apart and disappear into the lawn.

About 3 weeks after aeration, the verification holes will be filled with white, actively growing roots – a sign that the turf-grass is receiving additional oxygen, moisture and nutrients from the soil.

On compacted soils and on lawns with slopes, you should see an immediate difference in water puddling and runoff after irrigation or rainfall. After aeration, your lawn should be able to go longer between waterings, without showing signs of wilt. With repeat aerations over time, your lawn will show enhanced heat and drought stress tolerance.

Remember, most lawns benefit from annual aeration. And while you shouldn’t expect miracles, especially with poor soil, lawns that receive this care will be healthier, more vigorous, easier to maintain and have fewer pest problems.

What is an aeration / Overseed service?
Our aeration & overseed service is nearly identical to our above mentioned services. The one obvious difference is the introduction of top quality seed blends to the lawn after the aeration is completed. This application of seed will help thicken and fill in an existing lawn with new drought and disease tolerant varieties of grass. You must remember, not all seed is created equal, therefore we use only the very best quality seed that is free of noxious weeds.


To determine if your lawn is in need of an Aeration Service, simply click the link below and one of our staff will schedule you a FREE Lawn Analysis.